1. Acts of Congress concerning hospitals are also included (typescript copies). In May 1775, Kent Countys committee took action when the Pennsylvania Ledger published a letter from county resident Robert Holliday questioning Kent Countys revolutionary fervor. These records include lists of pensioners, correspondence about receiving a pension or payment of a pension, petitions to receive a pension, descriptions of military service, and affidavits supporting pension claims. John Dickinson: A Great Worthy of the Revolution. Revolutionary War Bibliography. (N.p., n.d.). Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1981. 7. 29 Camp a Wilmington. 1781 (1). Declaration of Commission, Light Infantry Company of Dover, 1976. Lafayette to Washington (photostat), 1781, 29. Letters concerning Allen McLane (photostat), 1781, 30. . New York: American Heritage Publishing Company, 1958. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976. Washington, D.C.: American Revolution Bicentennial Office, 1975. Revised History of Dorchester County, Maryland. Photostat. 8. Lists of pensioners detail the name, rank, amount of pension, and residence of the pensioner. #223: Broad Creek meeting of 20 June 1775 to support new union among the colonies, 11. Lt. Hunter of His Majestys Navy. These records are a mixture of primary and secondary materials. 12. Sabine, Lorenzo. (1970). Lefferts, Charles Mackubin. Revolutionary War Records Overview The Military Association, 1775-1777 At the beginning of 1775, Pennsylvania, founded under Quaker auspices, differed from other American colonies in being totally devoid of military organization. Records include miscellaneous accounts and receipts, muster rolls, pay rolls, and regiment returns, General Assembly resolutions, proclamations, and drafts, correspondence, Auditor of Accounts reports, documents regarding the treatment of suspected loyalists, and petitions for pardon from those suspected of aiding the British. Beach, John W. The Cape Henlopen Lighthouse. Folder 1 contains general orders, division and brigade orders, proceedings of court martials and courts of inquiry, company returns, muster rolls, musical notations, and a journal of marches from March through December 1777. Confronted by Whig militia on at least three different occasions, the loyalists eventually dispersed. R-46.146.2: Delaware Papers, Colonial and Revolutionary Documents, at the Library of Congress, volumes I & II, III & IV. Declaration of Independence, facsimile. Monmouth Beach, N.J.: Philip Freneau Press, 1972. The First Two Years of War (1776-1778): On January 17, 1776, six months before the Declaration of Independence, Robert Kirkwood (at age twenty) was commissioned a First Lieutenant in Col. John Haslet's Regiment of Light Infantry (fore-runner of the Delaware Continental Regiment). Also included are various types of correspondence, records of British fleet and troop movements in Delaware and the Delaware Bay, and pay rolls for officers and men in the Continental Army. Entries show ledger number, account title, reason for disbursement (military, order of General Assembly, salaries, and services rendered to the state) or receipt (tax, fee, or fine collected), date of entry, totals, and reference to entry in a ledger. MacNeill, Henry T., and Aime Junkers MacNeill. New Castle County meeting (transcripts from American Archives), 1774, 2. Oyer and Terminer, Cheney Clow and others, treason, 1775-1782, 4. James Wilson, Founding Father: 1742-1798. Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs. Petitions for pay are found here, as are letters concerning Pennsylvania troops and the ongoing peace process. Battle of Brandewyne on the 11th September, 1777. 1777. . (15), An important state responsibility during and after the war was establishing pensions for veterans. Records from the DARBC include administrative files pertaining to the celebration of the bicentennial of the American Revolution, as well as photographs, newspaper clippings, a scrapbook, and speeches by the Governor related to the celebration. In the spring of 1780, the Delaware Continentals were sent to the southern theater. Morris, Irving. Committees of Correspondence throughout the colonies strengthened opposition to British policies embodied in measures like the Intolerable Acts, passed in the aftermath of the Tea Party.(2). The coat length was slightly shorter than a normal regimental coat in 1776. The first Delaware regiment was no more. 4. RG 1315.009 Auditors Letterbooks, Eleazer McComb, 1784-1792. 1st Georgia Regiment. It was the worst defeat suffered by the American Army during the Revolutionary War. Despite measures to control currency depreciation, the national extent of the problem did not allow for easy solutions. Carpenter and Walker of Port Penn, 1778, Revolutionary War Records, Committee of Correspondence, 1774-1775 (7 folders), 1. Voting & Elections . Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1976. Commanded by Col.s Habersham's /Rae The 1st Rhode Island Regiment was a Continental Army regiment from Rhode Island during the American Revolutionary War (1781-1783). Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1864. Regiment returns, expenditure accounts, supply requisition, receipt for supplies, officer rosters, receipt for pay, account voucher, list of pay rates, salary listing, Assembly resolution appointing commissioners of inspection, officer evaluations, commissioners reports, muster rolls, subsistence rolls. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1977. A Distinguished Son of Chester County, Bulletins of the Chester County Historical Society, 1902-03. At Long Island, the 1st Delaware Regiment (pictured here) fought alongside the Marylanders on the American right flank. Records include original manuscripts and printed documents, photostats, and typed transcripts. The Delaware regiment took part in the battle of the Brandywine on 11 September as well as the battle of Germantown on 4 October 1777. Delaware. The letterbook shows date, name of addressee, matters under consideration, and signature of Eleazer McComb. Recommendation for William Millan (photostat), 1776, 7. 13. These include letters concerning Committees of Correspondence, news of the war, the establishment of a hospital in Virginia, the conduct of army physicians, an account of the Delaware Regiments attack on loyalists at Mamaroneck, New York, the use of smallpox vaccine, Tiltons appointment as a hospital physician and surgeon, reports on sick and wounded, and Tiltons resignation from the Delaware Regiment in 1776. (Also contains information on the Delaware regiments of the Continental Army) General orders, muster rolls, returns of provisions, pay rolls, lists for depreciation of pay, a history of the Delaware line, commissary accounts, extracts from the Minutes of the Privy Council, recruiting accounts, exchange of prisoners of war, miscellaneous receipts and accounts, women members of the Delaware Regiment, extracts from the State Auditors journal, miscellaneous items. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Record Administration, 1995. Stamp Act Congress (photocopies), 1765, 2. on Taking up Arms in 1775. 22. The regiment would see action during the New York Campaign, Battle of Trenton, Battle of Princeton, Battle of Brandywine, Battle of Germantown and the Battle of Guilford Court House. The microfilm version of the Senate Journals, RG 1120.0, contains the Minutes of the Council of the Delaware State from 1776 to 1792, published in 1886. During one of the largest and bloodiest battles of the Revolutionary War, the actions of these brave soldiers would earn them the venerated name of the Maryland 400. . After an attack to ravage Staten Island they marched south to oppose the British invasion of Delaware. [Delaware Bay and Chesapeake Bay (Clinton map #259)]. Commission issued by the Vice Admiralty Court, Bermuda, against French shipping, to Robert Burton, 1782. 1976. Privacy Policy Caesar Rodneys Ride: John Dickinson, Dover, Smyrna, Odessa and New Castle, (reel 1) helical scan videotape, ca. Photostat. 4. An Ordinance Ascertaining What Captures on Water Shall Be Lawful. 1781. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1963. R-57: Index of the Journal and Order Book of Captain Robert Kirkwood, 1777-1791. The Yorktown Sesquicentennial Celebration, 1781-1931: Its Purpose and Plans. Biographical Sketches of the Loyalists of the American Revolution, with an Historical Essay. FamilySearch. New Haven: H. E. Selesky, 1987. Ryden, George Herbert, ed. Clark, Murtie June. Colonel John Haslet to General Rodney (transcript), 1776, 7. . Davis, Burton. 1. 1777, 11. The Picket Post, miscellaneous issues, 1949-1973. Washington passing through Wilmington on the way to the Battle of Brandywine. Photostat. 18. [1] Cappon, Lester J. Atlas of American History: The Revolutionary Era, 1760-1790. Entries for each account include disbursements for prisoners of war, the commissarys department, transportation, the hospital department, quartermasters department, contingent expenses, forage department, and for arms, ammunition, and ordnance stores. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1935. 2. Top Consequences of the Battle . Brooklyn: Historical Printing Club, 1891. Photostat. Philadelphia: G. W. Jacobs and Company, 1900. United States History Revolution, 1775-1783 Personal narratives. Scharf, Thomas J. Folder 1 contains company reports, and journal entries from 1775, 1779, and after the Revolution. General Assembly #48: Delaware constitutional convention, 27 August-21 September 1776, 5. Neilds, John P. Washingtons Army in Delaware in the Summer of 1777. Bevans, Wilson Lloyd, and E. Melvin Williams, eds. Depositions, re: military service, 1785, 37. In February, at the battle of Guilford Court House, 15 March 1781, the Delaware troops held their own against the British. Burning of King Georges Portrait, event poster, 1976. Providence: Brown University Press, 1965. John Hills. Dickinsons correspondence from 1779 includes letters from colleagues, commentary on current events, and letters from Caesar Rodney regarding war-related matters. Port Washington, N.Y.: Kennikat Press, 1974. Ford, Paul Leicester, ed. The Third Lantern for the Third Century, ca. Also available on Reference Reel R-77. [French East Coast Map]. . 1976. (Yorktown Sesquicentennial Association, Inc., 1931). from the report of Secretary of War . A separate group of Delawareans led by Thomas Rodney were present at the battle of Princeton on 3 January 1777. Duane, William, Jr. On December 5, 2018, the State of Delaware announced that it had acquired the historic property at Cooch's Bridge, site of the only Revolutionary War battle to take place in the First State. Proceedings of the House of Assembly of the Delaware State, 1781-1792, and of the Constitutional Convention of 1792. 8 talking about this. Tax Center Box 2 contains a draft copy of the volumes comprising Francis T. Tiltons Dr. As years passed family members and relatives also became eligible for a pension. Carte de la Baye et Riviere de Delaware . (9), More men was not long in coming. Taking into account rank and length of service, auditors estimated how much each soldier should receive, issuing depreciation certificates because the currency had been devalued so severely.(16). The trial of suspects in the burning of the British revenue schooner Gaspee is the topic of correspondence from January and April 1773, and an October 1773 letter from Charles Thompson deals with the separation of powers in government. Report of Capt. Ohio, 1945). New York: The Outlook Company, 1903. : Delaware Society of Colonial Dames of America, 1911. On 19 October Cornwallis surrendered. in 1776 and 1777. (Philadelphia: C.F. RG 1111.021 Proceedings of the Freemen . Battles. After Camden, the Delaware regiment was reorganized on two different occasions; first being divided into two companies, then being divided into three companies of light infantry with troops from Maryland. Rockport, Me. Orders on the State Treasurer to Pay Militia Officers, Arrangements . 1781 correspondence includes the proceedings of the Hartford Convention, a letter regarding Delawares failure to send delegates to Congress, inquiries regarding Delawares troop quota, troop returns, letters from George Washington regarding a military hospital in Wilmington, and a petition congratulating Dickinson on his appointment as President of Delaware. 20. RG 1111.006 Council of Safety Minutes 1775-1776. In 1774, Rodney, McKean, and Read were selected by the Assembly to represent Delaware at the Continental Congress. A Pageant of 1776. 1950. The initial uniform of the 1st Delaware Regiment was that of a short blue regimental coat faced with red facings and turnbacks. RG 1922.004 DARBCMotion Picture Collection, 1976-1981. To George McCall, for making cartridges, 1778, 14. 19. Virtuitis Praemium: The Men Who Founded the State Society of the Cincinnati of Pennsylvania, 2 vols. This was especially true in lower Delaware where the areas isolation and conservatism, the influence of the Anglican Church, and the presence of British ships offshore kept many loyal to the Crown. Folder 4 contains depreciation pay certificates from 1782-1784, and a list of Indian nations involved in the Revolution. Original. These files, also on microfilm, contain records created or acted upon by the General Assembly of Delaware. Franchise Tax Only after 1822 do we find correspondence from individuals other than government officials or loan officers. Samuel McMastersJames Tilton correspondence (American Archives transcript), 1774-1775, 3. (10), The war had come to Delaware. Louder Calloway and John Stevens(on), 1829, 62. (Albany: New York State American Revolution Bicentennial Commission and Champlain Valley Committee for the Observance of the Bicentennial of the American Revolution, n.d.). Many of the documents are noted as being true copies. Delaware, resolutions of the Council, 1776, 3. The soldiers from tiny Delaware, fighting alongside the 1st Maryland Regiment, may well have prevented the capture of the majority of Washington's army, an event that might have ended the colonial rebellion then and there. 11. A catalogue of the muster rolls, pay rolls, and miscellaneous papers pertaining to the Delaware troops in the Revolutionary War: Collected in the Office of the Secretary of State, 1908, Revolutionary War Records, Miscellaneous, 1765-1787 (3 folders), 1. . The letter folders, containing both photostats and originals, are a mixture of personal and official correspondence. Orderly Book of the Maryland Loyalists Regiment . The rolls may also list deserters and killed, ill, or discharged soldiers. : Riverside Press, 1903. Citizens were required to take an oath of allegiance or declaration of fidelity to the new nation or the Delaware State and abandon all loyalty to the King of Great Britain. . In September 1781, after the battle of Eutaw Springs, British general Cornwallis retreated to Yorktown, where Washington and his French allies besieged the British forces. 8. 14. 5. Gen. William Smallwood. 1. 27. They include letters asking for funds to defend the state, letters from Caesar Rodney asking individuals to break away from the British Crown, and correspondence between Rodney and the Assembly. Assembly members in Kent and Sussex Counties (scholars notes), 1776, 2. Also contains a draft of A Declaration of Rights and Fundamental Rules, and the Delaware State Constitution. Hardy, Minerva Spencer. Washingtons Official Map of Yorktown (Washington: National Archives, 1952). New York: Alfred Knopf, 1958. 1779. . RG 1922.000 Delaware American Revolution Bicentennial Commission (DARBC)Administrative Records, 1969-1977. The materials are ordered in a rough chronological fashion. St. Michaels, Md. the name . The colony refused to use stamps, held protest meetings, sent delegates to the Stamp Act Congress, and boycotted British goods. Letter from the Secretary of War transmitting . Delaware State Society of the Cincinnati. 1858. 1777 (11). Other accounts include the depreciation of pay to the Delaware Regiment. . N.p., 1927. James Tilton of Delaware, 1745-1822: A Patriotic Doctor in Our Two Wars with Britain, which apparently was never published. Original letters discuss state and national affairs of the 1780s, and loyalists in Delaware in 1776. Philadelphia: For the Subscribers, 1848. Maneuvering for a Battleground (parts I & II). The First Seminole War. 4. . Encampment of the Army on Landing the 26th Aug. 1777. 1777 (4). Manuscript Sources in the Library of Congress for Research on the American Revolution. Vindication of Col. David Hall (photostat), 1790, 41. (Charing Cross: William Faden, 1784). (ca. In 1782, Robert Morris issued circular letters on matters such as finances and the Bank of North America, Eleazer McComb wrote regarding the payment of troops, and much correspondence relating to the militia can be found. 1. 1. . Photostats include acts of Congress pertaining to days of fasting, and business of the Council including the exporting of flour to other states and to Bermuda, complaints against Deputy Quartermaster General Francis Wade, the appointment of a deputy quartermaster, the state schooner Delaware, and efforts to regain state papers captured by the British. On 8 September, the British marched through Newark enroute to Philadelphia. (Wikimedia) Robert Wilcox petition, surgeon of the Second Delaware Regiment of Militia, 1780, 32. General Howes proclamation (transcript), 1777, 17. Millwood, New York: KTO Press, 1978. Dickinson, John, with introduction by R.T. H. Halsey. Colonels Colonel William Thompson, Colonel Edward Hand, Colonel James Chambers Companies The regiment was under the command of Colonel John Haslet, killed at the Battle of Princeton, and then under Colonel David Hall. New York: Lewis Publishing Company, 1929. Also available on Reference Reel R-77. Personal Recollections of Captain Enoch Anderson, An Officer of the Delaware Regiments in the Revolutionary War. The General Assembly selected the four members, two by the House, and two by the Council. Conrad, Robert T., ed. Original. 10. Box 6 contains photostats of Tilton correspondence from throughout the Revolutionary period. Siebert, Wilbur H. Loyalist Troops of New England. Repr. Delawares contributions to American independence did not end with the war. Based near Perth Amboy, New Jersey, forces from the camp, including the Delaware contingent, saw some action in the New York campaign. At the Battle of Camden in August 1780, the Blues and troops from Maryland saved the Continental Army from destruction. Rowe, Gail Stuart. An Allen McLane folder, with articles on efforts taken in the 1960s to restore his burial place, is among the four American Revolution folders. Hancock, Harold B. Civil War. In June 1776, an attack on Whigs in Kent County was narrowly averted. This Congress asked each colony to establish Committees of Inspection to enforce the boycott of English goods. There are appointments and commissions of officers and soldiers of the army, marching orders, and supply requests. The committees were kept busy throughout the Lower Counties. Muster roll, Delaware Regiment, Second Battalion, 1780, 30. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1994. 1791. Letters To and From Caesar Rodney, 1756-1784. RG 1315.008 Auditor of Accounts Waste Book, 1784-1796. : Family Line Publications, 1996. 1965). Delawares Committees of Inspection also reported on suspected cases of speculation, discouraged dissent against the American cause, and encouraged the production of native goods such as wool. Miers, Earl Schenck. Pension rolls from 1790 through 1846 are included (although not for every year inclusive). Brumbaugh, Gaius Marcus. An Account of the First Naval Battle of the Revolutionary War. (New Bedford Chapter, Sons of the American Revolution, n.d.). . Chicago: Rand McNally, 1974. Thomas Rodney and General Cadwalader conversation, 1776, 16. . 26. National Archives and Records Administration Category: Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783 Another folder of photostats contains correspondence of government and military officials to Rodney in his role as militia general and as President of Delaware State, a letter regarding the recovery of some public records taken during the British occupation of Wilmington, letters of Rodney to the president of Congress, and correspondence of Caesar and Thomas Rodney. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1975. Map of the Original Thirteen Colonies (S. Augustus Mitchell, 1876). . . The 1st Canadian Regiment, an Extra Continental regiment, was raised by James Livingston to support Colonial efforts in the American Revolutionary War during the invasion of Quebec. 1st Pennsylvania Regiment (Revolutionary War) Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Military Records Pennsylvania in the Revolutionary War 1st Pennsylvania Regiment Brief History Also known as the Pennsylvania Rifle Battalion and Thompson's Rifle Battalion. Washington communicated with Dickinson concerning retribution for the murder of a Captain Huddy by Loyalists. 1 (1967): 9-11. The Third Company, commanded by Captain Robert Kirkwood of the Blues, consisted mainly of Delawareans. Kent County (transcripts and photostats), 1775-1776, 3. (7, In October 1776, as fighting continued around New York, the Delaware regiment was chosen to engage the Queens American Rangers, a Loyalist force camped at Mamaroneck, New York. Dover: Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs, 1976. Few regiments in the Continental Army have been given such attention as that of the 14th Continental Regiment, a short-lived band of brothers that history remembered for their grizzled, hard-nosed ruggedness and willingness to assist in some of the war's earliest, most dire moments. Commissary and personal accounts are intermingled. A Guide to Revolutionary War Records in the Delaware Public Archives, RG 1800.099 Delaware Archives (A series of 13 manuscript boxes, 1 volume of original records and 3 published volumes), RG 1800.066 Revolutionary War Records (3 boxes), RG 1800.109 Revolutionary War Oaths of Allegiance, 1777-1784 (1 Box), OTHER SERIES CONTAINING REVOLUTIONARY WAR RECORDS, RG 9200T02.000 Tilton Papers, ca. Read, William Thompson. Delaware Marketplace State Agencies Many of these letters relating to the Revolution may also be found in George Herbert Rydens The Letters of Caesar Rodney, 1756-1784 (see bibliography section). One folder of photostats includes instructions to generals, transcripts of letters to state officials, correspondence with his brother Thomas on subjects of the day, letters to the General Assembly regarding acts of Congress, and a letter of 4 July 1776 regarding Rodneys vote on the Declaration of Independence. Subjects of legislation include money bills, acts pertaining to the militia, punishment of treason, raising troops, punishment for desertion, the export of provisions overseas, pardon for those swearing allegiance to the state, the quartering of soldiers, ratification and amending of the Articles of Confederation, recovery of public debts, prevention of fraud within the quartermaster and commissary departments, suspending the use of Continental bills of credit as legal tender, protection of trade on the Delaware river and bay, and determining depreciation of pay. 16. Drake, Edward. Washingtons Army in Delaware in the Summer of 1777 (address by John P. Neilds). New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1974. Original, photostat. Photostat. Mexican War. . Photostat. (1934). The vast majority of items are published in the first three volumes of the Delaware Archives: Military. Wilmington: Historical Society of Delaware, 1940. General William Alexander, self-proclaimed as Lord Stirling, took command of the Marylanders and the First Delaware Regiment. The Loyalists of Revolutionary Delaware. Peter Jaquetts company records, 1777-1778, 20. Schlesinger, Arthur M. Prelude to Independence: The Newspaper War on Britain, 1764-1776. Correspondence re: Dover Light Infantry (photostat), 1776, 5. 18. Murfin, James V. National Park Service Guide to the Historical Places of the American Revolution. . It is best to consult the lists following groups of documents. Delaware Courts Most of the Continental Army was disbanded after the Treaty of Paris ended the Revolutionary War in 1783. Delaware troops were present here as well. . 1778. Letter from John McKinly (transcript), 1776, 9. In 1778, Benjamin Rush wrote Dickinson regarding the political situation in Pennsylvania, much correspondence between Dickinson and colleagues in other states exists from that year as well. An act of Congress established the First Delaware Regiment on December 9, 1775, and the ranks quickly grew to over 725 men. Script for Independence! In Buff and Blue: Being Certain Portions From the Diary of Richard Hilton. Members were elected during alternate years for three year terms. R-48: Papers from the New York Public Library, 1774-1804. Bond for Thomas Almond and Isaac Tussey, 1778, 6. (Delaware Society of the Sons of the Revolution, 1943). A Brief Sketch of Captain Joseph Davis and Lieutenant William Jones of the Pennsylvania Line. . Washington, D.C.: United States George Washington Bicentennial Commission, 1932. Main, Jackson Turner. This convention of fifteen delegates met to protest the closing of Bostons port by the British. Although the conditions in Wilmington were better than at Valley Forge, Anderson "had the skin taken of his hands by the Frost." . Phototstat. 1781 (2). . . 6. Charlottesville: Published for the Friends of the John Dickinson Plantation by the University Press of Virginia, 1983. Box 9 of the Dickinson papers contains Dickinsons draft of the Articles of Confederation, 1776 (photostats). 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1897. RG 9200D09.000 John Dickinson Papers, 1765-1783 (10 boxes, 1 oversized box). elmira sheriff's department,